A total victory of the United Nations and the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers would eliminate any need for a peace conference such as the one held at Versailles after the end of the last war and any need to sign peace treaties with Germany, Italy or Japan. Post-war political and economic agreements can only be drawn up by the United Nations. To be binding on the United States, such agreements – if concluded in the form of executive agreements – may not need to be submitted to the legislative branch at all; At most, they would require simple majorities in both houses of Congress. See z.B., Am. In the. Ass`n v. Garamendi, 539 U.S. 396, 415 (O) (O]Your cases have recognized that the President has the authority to enter into «executive agreements» with other countries that do not require senate ratification . . . .
this power has been exercised since the early years of the Republic. Ladies – Moore v. Regan, 453 U.S. 654, 680 (1981) (recognition of the presidential authority to pay the rights of U.S. nationals and conclude «that Congress implicitly approved the practice of claims settlement through an executive agreement»); United States vs. Belmont, 301 U.S. 324, 330 (1937) («[A]n international compact . . . . is not always a contract that requires the participation of the Senate. »). An executive agreement is an agreement between heads of government of two or more nations that has not been ratified by the legislature, since the treaties are ratified.
Executive agreements are considered politically binding to distinguish them from legally binding contracts. Second, while it is widely accepted that, under the «executive power» clause, the president has the power to enter into exclusive executive agreements that are not inconsistent with legislation in areas where the primary responsibility lies with Congress, the question arises as to whether the President alone can enter into an agreement incompatible with an act of Congress or whether a single executive agreement may succeed previous laws of Congress. The prevailing idea, which is rooted in the assumption that it would be unacceptable for an act of one person – the president – to cancel an act of Congress, is that the only executive agreements in the United States are ineffective, insofar as they conflict with an earlier act of Congress in an area of congressional jurisdiction.